Fernsehturm – HD footage, information and facts on Berlin’s iconic TV-tower. Fernsehturm is a major landmark of Berlin. It is also Germany’s tallest building with its 368m and the second tallest building in Europe If you enjoyed this video, make sure to subscribe to our channel. It’s the most convenient way to catch our new videos! Follow the link below: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=worldsiteguides You can explore more facinating sites by visiting our channel: http://www.youtube.com/worldsiteguides Going traveling? Get our great audio guide on Fernsehturm! It comes without any http://www.worldsiteguides.com/europe/germany/berlin/fernsehturm/ Never stop exploring!
The Berlin TV-Tower, more commonly known as
the “Fernsehturm” is not surprisingly Germanys
tallest building with its 368m and the second
tallest building in Europe, only beaten by
Moscows Ostankino Tower. The tower was constructed
between 1965 -1969 in the former East Berlin,
but the planning for a TV-tower started much
earlier. During the 1950ies the East German
government, also known as DDR, had plans to
construct a new TV-tower outside of Berlin
to do all their transmitting. The place chosen
for this tower was the Müggelberg Mountains.
However, it would become evident that planning
wasn’t their greatest strength. After having
constructed several neighboring buildings
by the mountain, they realized that placing
the tower at that spot would cause problems
for the planned nearby airport. Instead, the
idea of building the tower inside Berlin was
born.
The DDR saw this opportunity to create both
a useful transmitter and at the same time
create an architectural symbol. The 1950ies
was the decade when the race to space started.
The competitors in this race were the US on
one side and the Soviet Union on the other.
With the Soviets launch of the first satellite,
the “Sputnik”, DDR got inspiration for their
TV-towers design. The leader of the Socialist
Unity Party, Walter Ulbricht, ordered the
tower to be build on Alexanderplatz. The building
was designed by Hermann Henselmann and the
result is the lean, tall, rocket-like building
we see today. The sphere itself resembles
very much how the soviet satellite looked.
The end result was a fully functional TV-tower
but also a status symbol for East Germany.
The tower itself consist of three main parts;
the base, the sphere and the antenna. The
118m tall antenna is transmitting a vast number
of radio- and TV channels on a daily basis.
The 4800t heavy sphere covers seven storeys,
two of which are open to the public. On one
level is the Tele-Café; a café and restaurant.
One the other level is an observation platform.
The reigning space-craze at that time also
shows in the interior of the tower. Visitors
generally say the inferior is very “Sixties
sci-fi”, so don’t be surprised if you meet
the Star Trek crew around the corner. When
inside the sphere, you will be between 203
and 207m above the ground. The view is outstanding.
The TV-tower gives you a view of more or less
the whole city. On a clear day, the view is
over 40km. Not only does it give you a great
view by putting you over 200m above the ground,
the sphere is also moving. The sphere is slowly
rotating around its own axel, making it the
best observation point possible. The sphere
rotates 2 laps every hour. Inside the rocket-like
base of the tower, there are two elevators.
A ride up takes around 40 seconds. A long
time one might say, but it’s certainly faster
than taking the 986-step staircase!
One interesting phenomenon occurs when the
sun shines. Due to its sphere shape and the
material used on the outside of the sphere,
when the sun shines on the sphere, a crucifix-like
symbol will appear on the pinnacle of the
tower. This is known as “the Pope’s revenge”.
The name was given by West Berlins, as the
DDR and the Soviet Union in particular, was
a secular state with no preferred religion.
During the DDR era, many church institutions
were under suppression. While the phenomenon
“the Pope’s Revenge” was amusing to the West
Berliners, it was certainly an embarrassment
for the DDR government.
The building has many unofficial names. One
of them is “St.Walter”, based on the man who
gave order to build the tower and “the Pope’s
revenge” phenomenon. Due to its special design,
the tower has gotten many other names such
as; “The toothpick” and “The TV-Asparagus”.
After the German reunification, the tower
became a symbol of not only the east side,
but for the entire country. Today, around
one million people visit the TV-tower every
year.