Reichstag – HD footage, information and facts on one of the most impressive sites in Berlin, the Reichstag. The Reichstag houses the German Parliament and is one of the finest buildings in Berlin. It combines great historical architecture with new blending design. If you enjoyed this video, make sure to subscribe to our channel. It’s the most convenient way to catch our new videos! Follow the link below: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=worldsiteguides You can explore more facinating sites by visiting our channel: http://www.youtube.com/worldsiteguides Going traveling? Get our great audio guide on Reichstag! It comes without any cost. Visit: http://www.worldsiteguides.com/europe/germany/berlin/reichstag/ Never stop exploring!
You have made it to one of the finest buildings
in Berlin; The Reichstag building. It was
constructed to house the Reichstag; the first
parliament of the German Empire. The planning
and construction of the Reichstag proved to
be a long and complicated process. The first
plans for building a parliament building started
1871. One year later, an architectural contest
was carried out to find a fitting design for
the new building. The construction of the
building did however not start until ten years
later, due to arguments between the Kaiser
Wilhelm I, Otto von Bismarck and the members
of the Reichstag about how the construction
should be preformed.
By the time the construction started, in 1882,
a new architectural contest was held. This
times winner, the Frankfurt architect Paul
Wallot, actually had his plans executed. Twelve
years later, the building stood complete.
Throughout the years, the Reichstag has played
a central role in the forming of the German
political history. If you look at the architrave,
you will see the iconic words; “Dem Deutschen
Volke” – “To the German People”. This inscription
was added 1916, much to the displeasure of
the current Kaiser Wilhelm II, who had tried
to block the inscription for its democratic
significance. After the First World War, and
the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II, the politician
Philip Scheidemann announced the establishment
of the Republic from one of the Reichstags
windows on November 7th, 1918. The Republic,
known as the Weimar Republic, existed between
the years 1918-1933. The republic was later
dissolved when the NSDAP and Hitler took control
over Germany.
At 21:25, February 27th 1993, the Berlin fire
station received the message that the assembly
location of the Reichstag was set ablaze.
By the time the firefighter had arrived, the
main Chamber of Deputies had been engulfed
by the flames. A Dutch communist named Marinus
van der Lubbe was held responsible for the
fire and he was later executed. The Nazi party
used the Reichstag fire to justify imprisonments
and persecution of political enemies. However,
what and who caused the fire is still today
under much debate. Some historians say the
Gestapo used van der Lubbe in order to blame
the communists for the fire. What actually
happened and the reasons why will most likely
never be discovered.
The building was further damaged by Ailled
air raid during the Second World War. The
Reichstag also become one of the central targets
for the Red Army during the Battle of Berlin
in 1945, due to its symbolic significance.
If you plan to go inside the Reichstag, you
will even be able to see Soviet graffiti,
dating back to 1945, on some of the preserved
walls inside the building.
After the war had ended, the building was
more or less a ruin. In addition, the building
had no real use, as the Western Germany capital
had been moved to Bonn. There was a debate
to whether or not the building should be demolished.
In the end, it was decided that the building
instead should be reconstructed. The building
was reconstructed between the years 1961-1964,
much after its original design. The distinct
copula that was in the original design was
however not rebuilt. Up until 1990, the building
was primary used for exhibitions of the German
history.
After the German reunification in 1990, it
was decided that the Reichstag once again
was going to house the German parliament.
Thus in 1992, another reconstruction was started,
now lead by the architect Norman Foster. This
time a copula was added to honor the original
design. The building was finished 1999 and
the result is what you currently see today;
a building which mixes great historical architecture
with new blending design; a real masterpiece.