Berin, Germany with Alla Tours (Part 2 of 5) Eileen & Jenny’s Europe Trip 2019 10 August 2019, Part #95 NCL Getaway (Norwegian Getaway) Cruise 9-Day Scandinavia, Russia & Baltic from Copenhagen August 9-18, 2019 Alla Tours Berlin Guide Lorenz, German version of Lawarence Driver Ulrich or Uli Unter den Linden, a boulevard started in the 15th century and named after linden trees; Old Commander’s Office Crown Prince’s residence New Guardhouse (Neue Wache Memorial), for the victims of war and dictatorship Humboldt University, opened in 1810, it currently has about 32,000 students. Statue of Frederick the Great, 1712-1786, who introduced the potato so is sometimes called “the Potato King” TV Tower Bebelplatz, a square established by King Frederick II in 1741 Berlin State Library Vladimir Lenin, Former Premier of the Soviet Union, 1870-1924 Hotel de Rome St. Hedwig’s Cathedral, Opera House, State Opera House, opened in 1742 Book Burning memorial Plaque with a quote by author Heinrich Heine, 1797-1856: “That was only a prelude; where they burn books, they will in the end also burn people”.
I mean a chitin rechtin freiheit food
das deutsche fatherland the communist
regime is long gone but it left an
enduring legacy one feature is the 1200
foot tall TV tower were passing by right
now this tower was built in 1969 to
celebrate the 20th anniversary of
communist East Germany the tower was
meant to show the power of the atheistic
state at the very time when D D our
leaders were having the crosses removed
from the country’s church domes and
spires but it turned out that when the
Sun hit the tower the reflected light
created a huge cross on the mirrored
ball cynics called it God’s revenge it
had another nickname because of its
shape East Berliners dubbed their tower
that tella asparagus they also joked
that if it fell over they’d have an
elevator to freedom in the West unter
den Linden unter den Linden is the heart
of Imperial Germany during Berlin’s
Golden Age in the 1800s this Street was
one of Europe’s grand boulevards the
Shands Alizee of berlin it was lined
with linden trees so as you promenade it
down you’d be walking unter den Linden
under the linden trees over the
centuries aristocrats moved into this
area so their palaces could be close to
their kings after World War two this
part of Berlin fell under Soviet
influence unter den Linden was the main
street of former East Berlin right
behind you this is the old commanders
office
and the next building does is the crown
prince’s residence
right behind us will be handsy and it’s
under renovation anyway so we can’t see
a thing the old Royal armory
my favorite Museum today in town the
German historic museum out of the
timeless
Berlin of the 1800s was graced with
grand new buildings like those that line
either side of this stretch of unter den
Linden the style was neoclassical
structures that looked like Greek
temples with columns and triangular
pediments one of the first and still
finest is on the Left called the neue
vaca the neue vaca or new guard house
was built in 1816 as just that a fancy
barracks for the bodyguards of the Crown
Prince over the years the neue vaca has
been transformed into a memorial for
fallen warriors
it marks the tombs of Germany’s Unknown
Soldier and an unknown concentration
camp victim the inscription in front
reads to the victims of war and tyranny
start by looking across unter den Linden
that’s Humboldt University one of
Europe’s greatest marks and angles both
studied here before going on to start
the communist movement other
distinguished alums include the Brothers
Grimm
could the Brothers Grimm both of them
and more than two dozen Nobel Prize
winners Albert Einstein taught here
until he fled Germany to join the
faculty at Princeton in 1932 today used
booksellers set up their tables in front
of the venerable University we’re
approaching a large equestrian statue in
the middle of the boulevard atop the
horse is the one guy from Berlin’s early
history that matters most Frederick the
Great
Frederick ruled as King of Prussia in
the mid 1700s he turned his capital
Berlin into a world-class city pressure
like ancient Sparta was all about its
military Voltaire famously said whereas
some states have an army the Prussian
army has a state under Frederick’s rule
Berlin became a wealthy and cosmopolitan
city Babel class II was where up the
books in Frederick’s day this square was
the cultural center of his capital in
many ways it still is when you reach the
center of the square spin
counterclockwise to take in the cultural
sights some of which date all the way
back to Frederick’s time facing the
square is the former State Library it
has a long history and was funded by
Frederick the Great
more recently Vladimir Lenin studied law
here during much of his exile from
Russia bombed in World War two the
library was rebuilt in the original
style only because Lenin studied here
next to the library the square is closed
by one of Berlin’s swankiest lodgings
Hotel de Rome housed in a historic Bank
building the round Catholic st. Hedwig’s
Church nicknamed the upside-down teacup
is a statement of religious and cultural
tolerance like all Catholic churches
here in Berlin st. Hedwig’s is not on
the street but stuck in kind of a back
lot indicating inferiority to Protestant
churches up next is the German state
opera originally established in
Frederick the Great’s time over the
centuries it’s been damaged and
built it was bombed in 1941 rebuilt to
bolster German morale and to celebrate
its centennial two years later in 1943
and then bombed again in 1945 look down
through the glass the room of empty
bookshelves is a memorial to a notorious
event that took place right here during
the Nazi years it was on this square in
1933 that staff and students from the
University built a bonfire into the
flames they threw 20,000 newly forbidden
books books authored by the likes of
Einstein Hemingway Freud and TS Eliot
overseeing it all was the Nazi
propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels
Gribble’s himself tossed books onto the
fire as the flames rose up he declared
the era of extreme Jewish
intellectualism has come to an end and
that German revolution has again opened
the way for the true essence of being
German think of it this square had been
built by Frederick the Great to
symbolize culture and enlightenment
Hitler purposely chose this Square to
thoroughly squash those ideals by
burning all these books dramatically
signaling that the era of tolerance and
openness was over Hitler was
establishing a new age of intolerance
where German aswhat and diversity was
evil
a plaque nearby has a quote by the 19th
century German poet Heinrich Heine the
Nazis despised Heine because even though
he converted to Christianity he was born
a Jew his books were among those that
went up in flames on this spot read
highness prophetic quote written in 1820
where they burn books in the end they
will also burn people and he wrote this
was just a fall play where they start to
burn books they will eventually burn
people
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